Ramblings of a "New American" Gardener

Book Review: The New English Garden by Tim Richardson

November 22, 2013

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Tim Richardson’s new book, The New English Garden, is a beautifully photographed, sensuously appealing volume slathered with full-page photographs and huge double-page spreads so large you feel you could fall into them. The book is a hedonistic delight and a source of many hour’s diversion and, if you’re so inclined, a pleasant opportunity for learning. Having my own recent experience with photographers who don’t know how to photograph gardens, the impressive work of photographers Andrew Lawson, Jane Sabire, and Rachel Warne is executed with knowledge and skill. One could hardly do better than study the photographs in this book to learn something about how to do it right.

More important, if not as visually eye-catching, is Richardson’s text. This isn’t filler. Richardson looks at each garden in the context of several influences prevalent in British gardening over the past several decades, influences he believes have marked new directions:  the New Perennials style (Piet Oudolf at Scramston Hall and Bury Court, Henk Gerritsen at Waltham Place) since the mid-1990s, England’s own self-born roots in a the naturalistic style as exemplified most notably by Beth Chatto and carried forward by Dan Pearson and others, formalism and tradition as refined in new gardens by George Carter and Jacques and Peter Wirtz that go far beyond mere recreations of traditional design, old gardens such as Pettifers revitalized by the lively new ideas of Gina Price, even the occasional unique (truly) iconoclast such as Keith Wiley at his new garden Wildside, an exercise in landforming and new planting on a massive scale and, vastly different, Christine Facer’s Througham Court, which Richardson says “could best be categorized as of the Charles Jencks School of Cosmic Gardening.”

There are many more gardens in this extraordinarily beautiful book. Among my personal favorites are Dan Pearson’s work at Armscote Manor, a Jacobean manor house where he reworked a series of walled and hedge-enclosed garden rooms in a naturalistic style so light-handed and sensitive you might not notice it. One of the opening photos of this garden, eremurus lilies mixed with a stand of coyote willows (Salix exigua), is magic. Also a favorite is Tom Stuart-Smith’s extraordinary melding of elements of traditional English border design with the New Perennials influence at Mount St John, and his masterful work with Piet Oudolf at Trentham. Also of note is Christopher Bradley-Hole’s New Perennials-influenced garden at Crockmore House, made, as usual, on a grid system that disappears as the plants mature, and his gridded grass and perennial garden contrasting with Piet Oudolf’s garden (on the opposite side of the house) at Bury Court. I also have to mention the delicate new double border designed by James Alexander-Sinclair and the more structural design elements by Arne Maynard at Cottesbrooke Hall.

Only two gardens make me question why they are in this book. Highgrove, the Prince of Wale’s garden, and The Laskett, Sir Roy Strong’s garden, both of which have received substantial criticism. While recognizing their faults, Richardson attempts to explore their virtues. I wasn’t convinced. It’s certainly possible to think they were included to improve the sales of this book (not a bad marketing strategy), but one can make a good case for evaluating two such widely known and disputed gardens simply to clarify what they have to offer and to propose an objective critical conclusion. Richardson is wont to pursue intellectual challenges so this may just show his desire to win a point or two in a difficult case.

Will Americans buy this book?

Many American gardeners seem to exhibit a knee-jerk rejection of most things English, though that happily seems to be diminishing. They may have the same reaction to this review, which throws garden names they may not know at them willy-nilly. I think the usual reason for this negative reaction is that our climate is so different that anything the British do or say seems irrelevant. But there’s a little too much vehemence in this rejection of all things British. After 300 years of American gardening culture, do we still feel inferior? Richardson doesn’t think so. His most recent “big book” was Great Gardens of America.

It’s too bad really, because we miss so much. We have a tremendous amount to learn about planting design by studying how plants behave in various climatic conditions, and not just in England. I don’t mean to characterize Tim Richardson’s The New English Garden as a plant book, which it most definitely is not, but the fine photography shows beautiful planting designs that can spark new ideas.

So for us in North America, Tim Richardson’s The New English Garden should be much more than a puny voice crying in the wilderness.  Though not directed to the North American audience in particular, it’s a well written, intelligent, questioning, and stimulating overview of the effects of broad movements and individual genius on the course of English garden design in the past several decades. Anyone with an open mind and a desire to learn new things can easily sort out what works in England from what might be of value in the US.

This is far more than the usual coffee table book on gardens, with extraordinary photography and intelligent text conceived and written by one of the most learned and perceptive writers on gardening in the English Language. Needless to say it would make a great holiday gift.

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{ 20 comments… read them below or add one }

andinarcadiaiam November 22, 2013 at 5:53 pm

An excellent review James.


James Golden November 22, 2013 at 7:45 pm

Thanks, William. I didn’t mention that one can do oneself serious injury trying to read this book while in bed!


andinarcadiaiam November 22, 2013 at 11:08 pm

That would be the ‘Richardson’ effect i would imagine!! That ‘V’ garden is not in it?


andinarcadiaiam November 22, 2013 at 11:10 pm

The Wareham/Hawes garden? I can’t spell it and have no idea how to say it…but I have camped on the property!! (no name dropping intended……..)


James Golden November 22, 2013 at 11:37 pm

Not in it.

The Richardson effect. I like that. I tried to weigh the book but didn’t have a scale.

Anne Wareham November 23, 2013 at 7:14 pm

(We – you mean the Veddw? – are in Wales, not England. Xx)

carolyn mullet November 22, 2013 at 6:46 pm

I’ve been slowly absorbing this book. It’s too big & overwhelming for me to take in quickly. Anyway, I’m the type that devours photos repeatedly before reading the text. But I believe you’ve pretty much nailed it. Good review, James. One question….Who are these knee-jerkers who reject English garden design? (We must run in different circles.) American garden designers have so much to learn from our counterpoints in England. English designers create exquisite garden spaces as this book shows. We should be so fortunate to have their gardening culture, training, clients, & budgets. To turn my back on their work is unthinkable.


James Golden November 22, 2013 at 7:52 pm


I’ve encountered this anti-British garden bias among mostly American gardeners and particularly those devoted to use of native plants, not among professional garden designers. I’ve found it rather shocking. This is a book I’ll be thumbing through for years. One really beautiful garden (how does one choose favorites?) was Pettifers (photo on the cover), where Gina Price has sort of “reinvented” some traditional British approaches to borders and use of color, but with a new twist. I don’t know Pettifers and I was totally enchanted by the garden there.


Rob (OurFrenchGarden) November 23, 2013 at 7:06 am

Ok, It’s in the stocking. Who cares if it doesn’t relate to someone’s climate – appreciate it for what it is, a book about English gardens. The clue is in the title.

This knee jerk reation. What’s that all about? I have experienced the exact opposite. Americans always seem to me to have have high appreciation levels tinged with a little self deprecation about certain things – usually history. I just don’t get it. I spent a couple of weeks ten years ago visiting the extraordinarily beautiful Art Deco districts of Miami. Yep, I stayed in the Raleigh hotel on Collins and took a couple billion photos of the South Beach area. Fabulous. Nobody did the twentieth century like the yanks. So go on, treat yourselves and buy a book about English gardens. I’m off to buy one about tropical gardens and we have a frost forecast tonight. Cheers.


Rob (OurFrenchGarden) November 23, 2013 at 10:37 am

PS, Great review James.


James Golden November 23, 2013 at 8:14 pm

Rob, I hope I’m wrong about the “knee-jerk” reaction, but I have encountered it in several books and other media. Since you point out the book is about English gardens, perhaps I should mention gardens in Wales, Scotland, and Ireland are not English and non are in the book. Speaking of tropical, do you like Roberto Berle Marx?


Rob(OurFrenchGarden) November 24, 2013 at 3:27 am

I know little of him, bar the piece I read in one of Noel Kingsbury’s books about garden designers.


Don Statham November 23, 2013 at 9:16 am

Inspiring review. Just placed my order for the book.


James Golden November 23, 2013 at 8:15 pm

Thanks, Don. I was amazed at the low price, much lower than the cover price.


Ross Hamilton November 24, 2013 at 12:01 pm

Thank-you James for the excellent review, I too have bought the book.

I’ve never encountered anti-Brit gardening bias (though I do think it would be a pleasant bias to have, given how freighted other biases are!) and I give the British credit for their gardening knowledge and sophistication.

That said, they are blessedly unaware of our predatory deer. Can’t we dump a herd or two at Sissinghurst and see how that goes? Also, their great gardens are often old, or replanted on old bones (keeping nature at bay, I think) and more to the point often have a permanent garden staff. This is rarely the case in the United States or Canada: we fight our lonely battles like the pioneers. So I might argue that underlying this bias would be the old spectre of class, or class anxiety. Which on some level is what a garden is about.


James Golden November 24, 2013 at 12:43 pm

Ross, judging from the comments, I seem to be alone in thinking there is an anti-british gardening bias in the US, but I have encountered it several times. Now that the Europeans are growing “prairie gardens” perhaps this has changed. I can see what you mean about class anxiety underlying both that bias as well as the whole of garden culture. But I see that on a superficial level. I think there are also much deeper meanings and motivations.

Aren’t there deer problems in parts of England? There are certainly fox problems in London. (And I might add, raccoon problems in Brooklyn.)


Scott Weber November 24, 2013 at 2:23 pm

Thank you for the thoughtful review, James! I’ve had this on my wish-list since it came out…and I’ve been hinting about it being a perfect Christmas present 😉 I didn’t realize there was still an environment of bias against British gardens…maybe because I love them so much (am an avid reader of Gardens Illustrated). If anything, I’m jealous of their attitudes towards gardening…it’s on TV for goodness’ sake!


James Golden November 25, 2013 at 8:18 pm

Scott, I’m sure I didn’t make up the anti-British bias, but I have experienced it. However, that’s not the main point. I agree if would be good if we had such a widespread and deep garden culture in our country. Fortunately, the internet gives us a way to find others with similar interest. I now consider my computer to be my entrance ticket to a kind of global garden group.


Pat Webster November 25, 2013 at 7:34 pm

I was lucky enough to have a sneak preview of this book last spring when Tim spoke to a small group of women who were visiting English gardens. I’ve met Tim a few times now, first when he was visiting Montreal to promote his book on Great American Gardens (I think two Canadian gardens made the cut; one was my favourite, the Reford Gardens in Metis, QC with its fabulous garden festival). I met Tim again in 2012 at the opening of the Chelsea Fringe Festival, the garden equivalent of the Edinburgh Fringe festival. I’ve read a number of his books, and all re-pay multiple readings. I particularly liked Avant Gardeners, a book that looks at contemporary garden design around the world. And if you are interested in English garden history, he has a (very detailed) book about the period leading up to Capability Brown. Can’t remember the name off-hand but I do remember the excellent section on Rousham, William Kent’s masterful garden.


James Golden November 25, 2013 at 8:14 pm

How fortunate you are. I agree his books can take repeated readings, especially the last historical work you refer to, The Acadian Friends. That one is definitely on my to be read again list. I found it intriguing to learn how gardens reflected political alliances and philosophies and, of course, to read of a time when the garden was considered a major, it not the supreme, art form.


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